Climate is an important issue when it comes to choosing what kind of dog you’re going to get. Certain breeds are better suited for warmer climates, while others are better suited for colder ones. There are several factors to consider, all of which can help you make a better, more informed decision as to which dog fits where you live.
Breeds like Huskies and Retrievers are well suited for below zero temperatures. They have a lot more fur that will keep them warm in the cold and snow. However, keep in mind that a lot of that fur will be shed in the spring, so make sure you have a powerful vacuum!
If you already have a dog that doesn’t have the aforementioned extra fur, and are moving to a colder climate, don’t worry, your dog will be okay, as long as you keep them warm, which means a comfy dog coat and boots. While your primary focus should be practical, don't be afraid to go fashionable. Your dog wants to look good, too!
It is also important to keep the size of your dog’s snout in mind when it comes to cold weather. Flat-faced dogs, like Boxers, Pugs and Pekinese have difficulties in warmer weather, since they cannot take in as much air, so as long as they are kept warm those breeds won't have as much issues in cooler temperatures.
Breeds like Greyhounds, Dachshunds and Great Danes are well suited for warm climates, and not just because they are short-haired dogs, but because they don’t require a great deal of exercise, preventing them from overheating in high temperatures. Other dogs that do well in warmer climates include Poodles, Spaniels and Terriers. So, if you like small dogs and warm weather, you’re definitely in luck!
When it comes to hotter places, humidity is something that should be considered as well. Dogs with folds in their skin or wrinkles can potentially have issues since their folds can trap moisture and bacteria, which can lead to infection.
Another issue with hotter climate, and the excess of sunlight that comes with it, is Pannus, which is a thickening of scar tissue that forms over the corneas and can develop due to high exposure to ultra-violet light. While Pannus mostly affects German Shepherds, it can also occur with other breeds such as Siberian Huskies, Greyhounds and Collies. But fear not, just like there are solutions to cold weather for short-haired dogs in the form of coats and boots, there are solutions against Pannus, which include sunglasses or Doggles. Yup, you read that right, if you live in a place with a lot of sun, your dog can be the coolest canine on the block with their very own pair of sunglasses or Doggles!
That is just some information that can give you a little guidance as to what breeds are best suited for certain climates. However, keep in mind that as long as you are attentive and vigilant when it comes to your dog’s well being, you can help them adapt to wherever you decide to live. We also always recommend keeping your dog well fed with healthy food, such as WellyChef Homemade Dog Food Done Right Base Mix, which will aid them even more in adapting to whichever climate they find themselves in,